My Blog - Children's Medical Center
Here are some common questions parents and caregivers have when it comes to the HPV vaccine.
What is HPV?
There are a few types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Some types cause warts on the skin, others effect the genital or anal areas and some types can cause cervical cancer. The two most common types that cause cancer are type 6 and 11.
How Common is HPV?
Twenty million Americans are currently infected with HPV and nearly six million Americans are infected every year. Nearly half of all new infections are diagnosed in girls and young women between 15-24 years old. HPV is the most commonly sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. It’s common for someone infected with HPV to not know it. The best way to avoid contracting HPV is through abstinence.
What is the link between HPV and Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer has only one cause, and that is HPV. Oftentimes, cervical cancer does not occur until twenty years after the initial infection. If given the HPV vaccine before becoming sexually active, the likelihood of contracting HPV and in case, cervical cancer, is reduced nearly 100%.
Who Should Get the HPV Vaccine?
Children between the ages of 9-12 are recommended to receive the HPV vaccine. It is given as two shots, spaced 6-12 months apart, if the vaccine is received before the age of 15. For those that receive it after the age of 15, three doses are recommended. Getting the vaccine for your children before they become sexually active is imperative.
Is the HPV Vaccine Safe?
Yes, the HPV vaccine, also known as GARDASIL®, is safe. It is made using surface protein from the virus, therefore it cannot cause HPV or cervical cancer. Some symptoms you may see include redness or tenderness at the site of the infection or a low-grade fever. The vaccine will last a lifetime and help prevent cancer.
If you have questions about the HPV vaccine for your child, contact Children’s Medical Center.
We are here to answer any questions you may have and help guide your decision-making when it comes to the HPV vaccine for your adolescent child. If you need assistance or recommendations in how to communicate with your child on how HPV can be contracted, we can offer ways to foster healthy conversations.
The National Institutes of Health has launched a study that will be conducted on kids ages 9-10 throughout the United States. The study is in the early phases and will last ten years, but the early results are fascinating. Although the study will take years, here are some of the results to date:
- MRI results from 4,500 participants showed varying differences in the brains of children that use digital screens more than seven hours per day. The biggest difference being premature thinning of the cortex.
- Kids who spend more than two hours per day on screens are already performing lower on thinking and language tests.
The study was highlighted on ‘60 Minutes’ which featured multiple doctors and researchers that are taking part. We highly encourage you to watch the full segment to see how screen time could be affecting your child’s brain. Here are few key takeaways:
- Babies younger than 18-24 months should avoid digital use completely, other than facetime for phone calls. The first two years is one of the most crucial times for brain development in children.
- When Toddlers are using i-pads, tablets and phones to watch videos or play games, their attention is captured for a much longer period of time than during any other type of play. The products are designed to hold their attention as long as possible. Parents should control the amount of time a child is using them, and an adult should always be present.
- Findings are showing that the percentage of teens that say they are lonely or depressed has spiked in recent years. A test that limited college-students to just 30 minutes of social media use a day, found that they felt significant decreases in loneliness and depression. Talk to you teen about how much time they are spending on social media.
- Scans on the brains of young adults are showing a dopamine effect when they are actively using their phones. The release of dopamine has a role in cravings and desire. This constant gratification means they are much more likely to be impulsive and stay on social media compulsively.
Technology is here to stay — it’s part of your day-to-day, but how you use it, engage with it and allow it to be a part of your young child’s life is up to you. If you have any questions about how this technology is affecting your child, please call Children’s Medical Center. Our doctors are happy to help guide you an assist in creating a media plan that works best for you and your family.
The holiday season is about spending time with family and loved ones, but also road trips, parties and festivities, trimming the tree, decorations and more. Here is what you need to know to keep your children safe during this special time of year.
Whether you’re hosting a holiday gathering or going to visit friends and family, here are a few things to keep in mind:
- Keep alcohol out of reach. Even a small amount of wine, beer, or liquor sipped from an unattended cup at a holiday party may be highly toxic to a young child.
- Party food is fun but can be dangerous. Nuts, olives, small hard candies, cocktail franks, and popcorn can present a choking hazard for babies and toddlers. Be mindful of little ones and set these items at a level where young ones can’t reach them.
- Candles can set the mood and ambiance in a room. Keep candles at least twelve inches away from anything that can burn and again, keep them out of reach of little ones.
- Keep a list with important phone numbers in a visible location (kitchen or near a phone) for you, your guests or a babysitter, in case of an emergency. Include the police and fire department, your pediatrician and the national Poison Help Line, 1-800-222-1222.
Decorations are tradition and play an important role in the holidays, but they can also pose danger. Keep your family safe with these tips:
- Carefully inspect each string of lights and discard any with frayed cords, cracked bulb holders, or loose connections. Always turn off your holiday lights when going to bed or leaving the house. If using an extension cord, be sure it’s certified or rated and used as intended (indoor vs. outdoor).
- Purchase a fresh cut tree (or as fresh as possible), as they are more resistant to catching fire. Keep your tree watered and away from open flames or candles. If you're buying an artificial tree, look for the label "fire resistant". Although this label does not mean the tree won't catch fire, it does indicate the tree is more resistant to burning. Secure your tree in a wide, stable base so there's no chance that a little one can tug and knock it over.
- Avoid putting sharp, easily breakable decorations on the tree, especially on the lower portion. Anything with small removable parts or that resemble candy or food should be avoided as well. Most wrapping paper and ribbons are nontoxic, but certain foils and colored gift wraps may contain lead, so it's best not to let babies chew on them.
- Mistletoe holly, Christmas rose, and Jerusalem cherry are all poisonous. They should be kept out of reach of both children and pets. Poinsettias are actually not as toxic as people think. However, if ingested they may cause stomach irritation or burning in the mouth.
Spend time with your family and relish the absolute joy of the holidays. This is the time to enjoy your holiday traditions, make new ones and cherish the memories.
Be Merry and Be Safe with Children’s Medical Center
Our team of board-certified pediatricians are dedicated to ensuring your children remain healthy and safe this holiday season and all year long. Keep our number nearby and call us if you have any concerns during this busy time of year.
Palm Harbor (727) 787-6335
West Chase (813) 891-6501
Trinity (727) 376-8404
Lutz (813) 751-3131
E-cigarettes and vaping has exploded in popularity over the past few years and are being used by both adolescents and adults. Marketed and promoted to be a safe alternative to cigarette smoking, we now know this is far from the truth. The American Academy of Pediatrics joins the CDC to remind parents that e-cigarette use is never safe for youth, young adults, pregnant or breastfeeding women.
So, what is vaping?
A vape or vaporizer is any device that heats and aerosolizes a solution or “e-juice” meant to be inhaled. Devices include e-cigarettes, personal vaporizers, vape pens, e-cigars, pod systems, e-hookah, or other vaping devices. An e-cigarette is a type of vape that uses a nicotine-based solution. A JUUL is a brand name e-cigarette. Electronic nicotine devices can look like a pen, a memory stick or flash drive, a key fob, or even an asthma inhaler, which is why they are easy to hide or disguise.
What are the dangers?
The solutions used in these types of devices contain harmful chemicals like antifreeze, diethylene glycol, and carcinogens like nitrosamines and formaldehyde. The nicotine in e-cigarettes is addictive and can harm brain development, cause ADHD-like symptoms in the developing brain or even seizures. Secondhand smoke or vapor from these devices is harmful to growing lungs, which are still developing until at least mid-adolescence.
Vaping illness and lung injury symptoms can include:
- coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea
- fever, chills, or weight loss
Adolescence is a time when the brain is very vulnerable to addiction. We know that most lifelong addiction to nicotine begins in adolescence or early young adulthood. If people can get through that period without smoking, it's much less likely that they will become smokers in the future.
In some cases, e-cigarette devices have exploded, causing serious burns or fires.
Is Your Child Vaping?
Since many of the vaping devices look like everyday objects and there’s no actual ‘smoke’, it can be hard to catch kids in the act. Here are a few signs to look for if you suspect your child is vaping:
- Unusual items. Keep an eye out for refill pods, atomizers and cartridges, which some vaping devices use, and batteries that require recharging. Organic cotton balls and thin metallic coils are other components used when vaping. Vaping devices can also be hidden inside of common items like highlighters.
- Sweet smell. Although odorless and scented liquids can be used in electronic smoking devices, many teens choose scented vapor. The most popular flavors are sweet so you may notice an unusually sweet smell, although it goes away quickly.
- Changes in thirst and taste. The process of vaping makes users’ mouths dry. If your child is drinking more than usual, it may be a sign they’re vaping. A dry mouth also makes food taste less flavorful, so if your child is using more spices or salt, that may also be a clue.
- Nosebleeds. Not only does the mouth get dry when vaping but so does the inside of the nose as the vapor is exhaled through the nostrils. This can cause nosebleeds.
- Lower caffeine intake. Vaping causes some people to be more sensitive to caffeine. If your teen is skipping the daily caffeine fix, it may be time to look for other signs of vaping.
- Cough, throat-clearing or mouth sores. Researchers have linked vaping to mouth wounds that won’t heal and a smoker’s-like cough.
While the research on vaping is still in its infancy, one thing is clear: it's just not good for you.
Ask Your Pediatrician for Help in Talking to Your Children About the Dangers of Vaping.
Children’s Medical Center can be a valuable resource for ways to talk to your children about the dangers of vaping. Schedule a consultation today or have your child meet with their pediatrician or family doctor to discuss the health risks or to get help with stopping. Above all, be open and honest with your children about the what they are seeing at school and how they feel about it. It’s never too early to educate your child.
This website includes materials that are protected by copyright, or other proprietary rights. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use, as defined in the copyright laws, requires the written permission of the copyright owners.